Breaking Stick: A wedge-shaped stick used to break the hold of a dog in a fight.

Brindle: A color pattern that has always been fairly common in the breed that consists of dark lines on a lighter color pattern. It is a pattern, not a color, so the color it covers can vary, but it nevertheless is referred to as a color, such as “dark brindle,” “straw brindle,” and “gun-metal gray brindle.” If you study the genetics of coat inheritance in dogs, it becomes obvious that brindle is a pattern, even though people consistently refer to it as a color.

Buckskin: A color that is roughly that of a deer, a very light fawn coloration.

Catchweight: A heavyweight, any dog over 52 pounds pit weight.

Chain Weight: The normal weight of a dog in a kennel or chain or house, as opposed to “pit weight.”

Cur: Two meanings: 1. Any dog of any breed other than the Pit Bull, and 2. Any dog (including Pit Bulls) that are not deeply game.

Game: A dog that keeps going, even when losing, and never loses his love of fighting contact.

Keep: Another term that refers to the “training camp” of a Pit Bull that has been scheduled for a match. A keep usually consists of isolating a dog from all possible stimuli and keeping him quiet when not in his exercising period. It consists of various, gradually increasing exercises, and it also involves the diet of the dog.

Old Family: A family of pit dogs that was imported from Ireland in the latter half of the 19th century.

Old Family Red Nose: A segment of the Old Family strain that when kept pure showed a red (or copper-colored) nose.

Pied: White with tan patches, with perhaps darker colors mixed in.

Pit Weight: The fighting weight of a pit dog. The dogs are brought down to their most efficient weight for pit contests.

Red: This term is used to describe any color of fawn except very light ones that are referred to as “buckskins.”

Red Nose: A copper-colored noses usually shown by members of the Old Family Red Nose strain. (The nose coloration is also shown occasionally by dogs of other strains.)

Roll: A practice or training bout.

Scratch: A method by which a dog must demonstrate his gameness in a pit contest or roll. The scratch consists of a dog’s crossing the pit and taking hold of his opponent within a count of ten.

Scratch Line: A line drawn diagonally across the corner of the pit behind which the dog to scratch must be placed before being released.

Spring Pole: A device for exercising a dog. It involves a hide attached to a heavy spring that the dog can jump up and grab.

Treadmill: A devise for running a dog in place. The two main types are carpet mills and slat mills, but there are also motorized treadmills.

Turn: A turning away of head and shoulders from an opponent, even if maneuvering for a hold. Once a turn is called by the referee, the dogs can be picked up when free of holds. The turning dog must scratch to demonstrate his willingness to continue. After that, it is a scratch in turn situation, with each dog having to take turn scratching.